192.168.1.102 is a private IPv4 address. It belongs to the reserved block of private addresses within class C, just like all the 192.168.x.x addresses (the whole 192.168.0.0/16 subnetwork). All the private addresses are used inside private (LAN) networks and can’t be routed on the internet.
192.168.1.102 is also a part of the 192.168.1.0/24 subnetwork (192.168.1.0-192.168.1.255). Some addresses from this subnetwork (192.168.1.1, 192.168.1.10, 192.168.1.100, and 192.168.1.254) are very popular choices when it comes to default gateways (IP addresses assigned to routers, modems, and other networking devices by their manufacturers).
192.168.1.102 is not as popular as previously mentioned addresses but there is at least one device with this address assigned to it as a default gateway. That’s Ricoh’s copier IS 2416 L.
192.168.1.102 will more likely be assigned to a device connected to your home network in case you are using some modem/router with 192.168.1.x default gateway. This address can be assigned automatically (dynamic IP) and manually (static IP).
Automatic Assignment of 192.168.1.102
Most routers assign IP addresses automatically by default. So, if your router’s default gateway is, let’s say, 192.168.1.100, and if the DHCP pool of available addresses starts at 192.168.1.101 and ends with 192.168.1.200, 192.168.1.102 will be the second available address within this range. If the addresses are assigned in a sequential order (it’s not a rule – they can be assigned randomly), 192.168.1.102 will be assigned to the second device connected to your home network.
If the address (any private IP address) is assigned automatically by your router (DHCP server), it’s not permanently assigned to one device. The address is only leased for a certain period of time, and after the lease time expires, the router checks if the device is still connected to the network. If the device is connected, the lease will be renewed and if it’s not connected, the address will be taken back and will become available again. The address can now be assigned to some other device. That’s why it’s called dynamic IP.
Manual Assignment of 192.168.1.102
If you want some device to have the same IP address every time it gets connected to the network (if you want it to have a static IP), you have to assign this address manually. In order to permanently assign this address to some device, you can reserve the address in the DHCP pool or make some changes in the TCP/IPv4 settings. That way, this address will be excluded from the DHCP pool and it won’t be assigned to some other device even if your device (printer, copier, PC, or any other device) is not connected to the network.
Hello, I am Anthony Stuart…
I am writer and editor at RouterInstructions. I’ve been working as a network specialist for various employers for almost 15 years. In my lifetime, I have installed thousands of routers, modems, bridges, switches, etc. My job also includes designing, monitoring, and maintaining local area networks (LANs) as well as wide area networks (WANs). I want to share my knowledge and experience with you and help you understand the basics of IP addressing. I am also going to write about routers, network security, and other network-related topics.