192.168.1.10 is a private IPV4 address. It belongs to the block of private addresses within Class C (this block spans from 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255). This address is used by some modem/router/access point manufacturers as a default gateway for their devices (although it’s not that popular as 192.168.1.1,192.168.0.1, etc.). 192.168.1.10 can also be one of the IP addresses assigned to a device connected to your home network if your router’s default gateway is 192.168.1.1 or 192.168.1.2).
192.168.1.10 as a Default Gateway
Some manufacturers like Linksys (routers), SMC (access point – SMC2890W-AN), Uniden (access point -WNP1000), and HP (access point – ProCurve WAP 530) assign this address to their devices as a default gateway. If you are sure that 192.168.1.10 is your router’s default gateway, you can enter it in your browser, log into router’s configuration page, and use it to configure your home network. If you want to make any change regarding your home network, you will need to use this address. So, if you want to change your wi-fi network name and password, choose the encryption type, block some device or block some website, change router’s username and password, make a reservation in DHCP pool, adjust the range of available IP addresses, you will have to use 192.168.1.10 to enter the configuration page.
192.168.1.10 as a Dynamic/Static IP Address
If your router’s IP address is 192.168.1.1 or 192.168.1.2, 192.168.1.10 will probably be one of the available addresses within the DHCP pool (in these cases pool usually spans from 192.168.1.2 or 192.168.1.3 to 192.168.1.254) and it can be assigned to your PC, laptop, or some other device connected to your home network. This address can be assigned automatically (dynamic IP) or manually (static IP). Automatic assigning is usually the default way of assigning IP addresses. If you don’t make any changes regarding DHCP pool, this address can be assigned by your router to your PC if it’s available. When you disconnect your PC, the address becomes available again and it can be assigned to some other device. If you want this address to be assigned to your PC (or some other device) every time it gets connected to your home network, you will have to do that manually. Before you assign it manually, you will have to check if it’s already taken. If it’s available, you can either use control panel to enter adapter settings and TCP /IPV4 properties and then enter this address manually (along with subnet mask, default gateway, and DNS server), or you can open the router’s configuration page, go to DHCP tab, and make a DHCP reservation.
If 192.168.1.10 is your router’s default gateway, you may experience some problems when trying to open router’s setup page or access the internet. These problems can be caused by typing mistakes (192.168.1.1 or 192.168.10.1 instead of 192.168.1.10), software malfunction, or hardware malfunction. Typing mistakes are, obviously, less significant problem and you can solve them easily. Software malfunction is a bit more serious but it can usually be solved by resetting the router or by restarting your PC. Hardware malfunction is the biggest problem and it’s the least common problem.
If you are trying to assign 192.168.1.10 to your PC manually and if you are not careful enough, you might experience an IP conflict. If this address is already assigned to some device and you try to assign it to your PC, there will be two devices with the same IP address which is unacceptable and they will be both disconnected. In order to resolve this issue, you will have to wait for the DHCP lease time to expire (or you can release the address in command prompt) and then try to assign this address to your PC again. Once you manage to connect your PC to the network, you can connect that other device to the network, too. Your router will assign some other available IP address to that device and the IP conflict will be resolved.